The Hajj: Important Events
865 CE (Common Era)
At Arafat, Ismail bin Youssef Al-Alawi and his supporters attacked the pilgrims and killed large numbers
Qarmatians raided the Sacred Mosque and killed those in it and stole the Black Stone Qarmatians believed that the pilgrimage is one of the rituals of pre-Islamic and idolatry. They kept the stone for 22 years.
No one from Iraq performed the Hajj because of the conflict between the successors of Bani Abbas and the successors of Bani Ubaid.
People from Iraq and Egypt and others.
After a gap of ten years, Iraqis return to perform the Hajj
People of Hijaz did not perform the Hajj due to prevailing political conditions.
Eight thousand people died in Hijaz due to the plague.
Three-quarters of the pilgrims died due to the plague.
The epidemic continued until the 1840s reducing the number of pilgrims.
Cholera spread among pilgrims and continued until 1850 CE. It returned in 1865 CE
A pandemic forced people to flee from Hijaz to Egypt, which built a quarantined are in Aden, to avert epidemics.
One thousand pilgrims died every day due to the outbreak of a highly dangerous epidemic.
Medina faced an epidemic that forced Egypt to send doctors and build a confined area in Makkah.
The cholera outbreak coincided with the Hajj season, and hundreds perished.
A pandemic of typhoid spread
Severe and highly infectious meningitis resulted in at least 10,000 infections.
Coronavirus caused the authorities to limit the number of pilgrims.