• Aslam Abdullah

Glancing over the Quran in the order the Prophet received it. Part Two

6. Al-Lahab (the Twisted Strands) (111)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Lahab or Al-Masad was the sixth Surah revealed upon the Prophet. Revealed in Makah, it has five Ayah. It is 111th in the traditionally arranged Quran and known by the above mentioned two names. Even though it names the enemies of the divine guidance, it reminds the believers that those who deny the Truth consciously will never succeed in hiding it. Abu Lahab, whose name appears in this revelation and his wife, lived several years after this Surah. He had the opportunity to challenge the truthfulness of the Quran by changing his faith. Yet, he refused and thus, testified the accuracy of the Quranic message. It establishes the principle that each one is responsible for one's action.


7. Al-Takwir (Shrouding in Darkness) (81)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Takwir is the seventh Surah revealed upon the Prophet. It is the 81st Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran, and it has 29 Ayah. It describes the happenings at the end of the world and shows a glimpse of the Last Day scenes. It explains that everything would cease to exist, and no one would get a chance to go back and change their wrongful deeds. It urges people to become morally upright to succeed on the Last Day. The purpose of this message is to remind people to become morally upright.


8. Al-A'la (The All-Highest) (87)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Ala is 87th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran was the eight Surah revealed upon the Prophet in Makkah and has 19 verses in one Ruku. It defines the majesty and grandeur of the Creator and invites people to express gratitude towards him. It asserts that divine guidance would make human progress, and their denial would make them stagnant. It reminds people of the continuity of the divine guidance through successive messengers and invites them to follow the divine guidance to succeed in this life and the life hereafter. It also refers to the Last Day.


9. Al-Layl (The Night) (92)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Layl was the ninth Surah revealed upon the Prophet. In the traditionally arranged Quran, it is 92nd Surah revealed in Makkah and has 21 verses in one Ruku. The Surah reminds humans of the two main choices they all have, the option to live a good life, and the opportunity to lead a life with evil actions. It informs them that their efforts would have consequences to bear. It has the same theme as the previous Surah, but it tells us about the two ways of life: good and evil and the consequences of both.


10. Al-Fajr (The Dawn) (89)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Fajr is the tenth revealed upon the Prophet in Makkah. It is the 89th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran and has 30 Ayah in one Ruku. It explains the concepts of reward and punishment through historical references of Pharaoh and the people of Aad and Thamud. It reminds people that when they neglect their responsibilities towards the neglected and the deprived ones and start indulging in a lifestyle that makes them forget Allah, they invite consequences to their actions. It explains the concept of a comforted soul that would return to God to join the ranks of those who dwell in heavens among the closest to God.


11. Ad-Duha (The Bright Morning Hours) (92)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Ad-Duha is the eleventh Surah revealed upon the Prophet. In the traditionally arranged Quran, it is the 93rd Surah. Revealed in Makkah, it has eleven Ayah. It highlights the internal search for Truth that every human has and explains that regardless of the human conditions one faces, the Truth becomes manifest upon searching for it. It invites people to devote their resources for the poor and the needy and assures them the coming days would be better than the days of difficulties.


12. Ash Sarah (The Opening of the heart) (94)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Ash- Sharah is the 12th Surah in the chronology of the revelation in Makkah. It is the 94th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran. It has eight verses in one Ruku. It introduces humans to a permanent rule that difficulties do not last forever as they always lead to ease. It also reminds people that their work for the good of humanity lasts more than their lifetime.


13. Al-‘Asr (The Time) (103)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Asr is the thirteenth Surah revealed upon the Prophet was Al-Asr. It is 103rd in the traditionally arranged Quran and has three ayahs. It was It has three Ayah in one Ruku. It summarizes the essence of human history by concluding that human beings would continue to harm themselves if they do not adhere to the path of Truth and perseverance. It explains that Truth is the only substance that liberates humans from all bondages.


14. Al-'Adiyat (The Chargers)

Makkah

Al-Adiyat is the 100th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran and is the fourteenth Surah revealed upon the Prophet in Makkah and has 11 Ayah in one Ruku. Referring to human history, it shows the ungratefulness that humans have toward the Creator and towards each other. It also reflects on the wild and imbalanced lifestyle of Arabs and reminds humans that on the Day of Judgment, all that human beings were hiding would come to light.


15. Al-Kawthar (Good in Abundance) (108)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Kawthar is the 108th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran. It is the fifteenth Surah revealed upon the Prophet in Makkah and has three verses in one Ruku. It is a Surah of hope and glad tidings. It assures the people that they would ultimately accept the divine guidance, and Truth will prevail.


16. Al-Takathur (Greed for More and More) (102)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Takathur is the 102nd Surah in the Quran, and it was the sixteenth Surah revealed upon the Prophet in Makkah has 8 Ayah in one Ruku, and it refers to the human tendency, in general, to be greedy for more and more. It reminds people of the consequences of a materialistic lifestyle. It explains that this practice is a recipe for disaster for all as the society remains divided between haves and have nots and the greed prevails the relationship.

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17. Al-Maun (Assistance) (107)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Maun is the 107th Surah of the Quran and the seventeenth in the chronology of the revelation Makkah and has seven Ayah in one Ruku. It defines faith in terms of its inspiration to people to help the poor and the needy. It reminds them that the commitment to God remains a lip service as long as it does not create a compassionate and kind society for all.


18. Al-Kafirun (The deniers of the Truth) (109).

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Kafirun is the eighteenth Surah revealed upon the Prophet, and it is the 109th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran. Revealed in Makkah, it has six Ayah in one Ruku. It establishes the principle of freedom of religion and argues that any compromise in faith-related matters would reduce the significance of divine guidance by mixing the Truth with falsehood.


19. All-Feel (The Elephant)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Feel is the nineteenth Surah revealed to the Prophet in Makkah as the 105th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran. It has five Ayah in one Ruku. It refers to the invasion of Makkah to demolish the Kaaba by the ruler of Yemen. Amid hostilities, the Surah reassures the Prophet that Allah is the protector of the faith those who follow the Truth.


20. Al-Falaq (The Rising Dawn) (113)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Falaq is the twentieth Surah revealed upon the Prophet in Makkah, and its number in the traditionally arranged Quran is 113th. It has five Ayah in one Ruku. It explains that evil forces are out there to tempt humans away from the Truth to harm them and destroy their peace. It invites people to find refuge in the divine guidance from the forces of darkness.


21. An-Nas (Human Beings) (114)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Immediately after the revelation of Al-Falaq, the 114th Surah, known as An-Nas, came down in Makkah and is the 21st Surah revealed upon the Prophet. It has six Ayah in one Ruku. It exposes the satanic strategy to whisper evil ideas in the minds and hearts of people and advises them to focus on the divine guidance in their words and deeds to succeed in this life and the life hereafter.


22. Al-Ikhlas (The declaration of God's Perfection) (112)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Al-Ikhlas was the 22nd revealed upon the Prophet, and is the 112th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran. Revealed in Makkah, it has four verses in one Ruku. It is a statement of monotheism and an elaboration on how the monotheism should be defined. It speaks of the uniqueness and oneness of Allah without attributing any biological traits.


23. An-Najm (The Unfolding) (53)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

An-Najm is the 23rd Surah of the Quran revealed upon the Prophet in Makkah. It appears as 53rd Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran. It has 62 Ayah spread over three Ruku. The Surah refers to the incident of the Prophet's ascension to heavens to experience the closeness with Allah. It asks the unbelievers to take divine guidance and the status of the messenger seriously. It refutes the narration that angels were like the daughters of Allah. The Surah refers to the issue of the intercession of Angels on behalf of humans.


24. 'Abasa (He Frowned) (80)

Place of Revelation: Makkah

Abasa is the 80th Surah in the traditionally arranged Quran, and 24th Surah revealed upon the Prophet in Makkah. It has 42 Ayah in one Ruku. It establishes the rule that in the dissemination of divine guidance, everyone deserves equally. The divine guidance is for everyone, and the decision to accept or reject is the prerogative of every individual. It reminds the people that those who take it would benefit from it, and those who reject it would suffer the consequences.


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